Important notice:Moor has been renamed to Drift. Learn more here.

Supported platforms

All platforms supported by drift, and how to use them

Being built on top of the sqlite3 database, drift can run on almost every Dart platform. Since the initial release, the Dart and Flutter ecosystems have changed a lot. To clear confusion about different drift packages and when to use them, this document lists all supported platforms and how to use drift when building apps for them.

To achieve platform independence, drift separates its core apis from a platform-specific database implementation. The core apis are pure-Dart and run on all Dart platforms, even outside of Flutter. When writing drift apps, prefer to mainly use the apis in package:drift/drift.dart as they are guaranteed to work across all platforms. Depending on your platform, you can choose a different QueryExecutor.

Overview

This table list all supported drift implementations and on which platforms they run on.

ImplementationSupported platformsNotes
SqfliteQueryExecutor from package:drift_sqfliteAndroid, iOSUses platform channels, Flutter only, no isolate support, doesn't support flutter test. Formerly known as moor_flutter
NativeDatabase from package:drift/native.dartAndroid, iOS, Windows, Linux, macOSNo further setup is required for Flutter users. For support outside of Flutter, or in flutter test, see the desktop section below. Usage in a isolate is recommended. Formerly known as package:moor/ffi.dart.
WebDatabase from package:drift/web.dartWebWorks with or without Flutter. A bit of additional setup is required.
WasmDatabase from package:drift/web.dartWebPotentially faster than a WebDatabase, but still experimental and not yet production ready. See this for details.

To support all platforms in a shared codebase, you only need to change how you open your database, all other usages can stay the same. This repository gives an example on how to do that with conditional imports.

Mobile (Android and iOS)

There are two drift implementations for mobile that you can use:

using drift_sqflite

drift_sqflite (formerly known as moor_flutter) is a package using the sqflite package to provide a drift database implementation. They use Flutter's package channels and support both Android and iOS. They don't work in Dart projects not using flutter.

For new projects, we generally recommend the newer ffi-based implementation, but drift_sqflite is maintaned and supported too.

using drift/native

The new package:drift/native.dart implementation uses dart:ffi to bind to sqlite3's native C apis. This is the recommended approach for newer projects as described in the getting started guide.

To ensure that your app ships with the latest sqlite3 version, also add a dependency to the sqlite3_flutter_libs package when using package:drift/native.dart! sqlite3_flutter_libs will configure your app to use a fixed sqlite3 version on Android, iOS and macOS. It only applies to your full Flutter app though, it can't override the sqlite3 version when running tests with flutter test.

Web

Main article: Web

For apps that run on the web, you can use drift's experimental web implementation, located in package:drift/web.dart. As it binds to sql.js, special setup is required. Please read the main article for details.

Desktop

Drift also supports all major Desktop operating systems where Dart runs on by using the NativeDatabase from package:drift/native.dart. Depending on your operating system, further setup might be required:

Windows

For Flutter apps, depending on the sqlite3_flutter_libs package is enough. It will automatically bundle the latest sqlite3 version with your app as a DLL, and drift will automatically use that version.

If you don't want to use sqlite3_flutter_libs, or if you're not running as a Flutter app (keep in mind that flutter test does not run as a full Flutter app!), you can download sqlite and extractsqlite3.dll into a folder that's in your PATH environment variable to use drift.

You can also ship a custom sqlite3.dll along with your app. See the section below for details.

Linux

When depending on sqlite3_flutter_libs in your pubspec and using Flutter, no additional setup is necessary. When not running as a Flutter app (this includes flutter test!), you need to either use a sqlite3 build from your distribution or include a custom libsqlite3.so.

On most distributions, libsqlite3.so is installed already. If you only need to use drift for development, you can just install the sqlite3 libraries. On Ubuntu and other Debian-based distros, you can install the libsqlite3-dev package for this. Virtually every other distribution will also have a prebuilt package for sqlite.

You can also ship a custom libsqlite3.so along with your app. See the section below for details.

macOS

This one is easy! Just use the NativeDatabase from package:drift/native.dart. No further setup is necessary.

If you need a custom sqlite3 library, or want to make sure that your app will always use a specific sqlite3 version, you can also ship that version with your app. When depending on sqlite3_flutter_libs, drift will automatically use that version which is usually more recent than the sqlite3 version that comes with macOS. Again, note that this only works with full Flutter apps and not in say flutter test.

For tests or using a custom sqlite3 version without sqlite3_flutter_libs, see the following section.

Bundling sqlite with your app

If you don't want to use the sqlite3 version from the operating system (or if it's not available), you can also ship sqlite3 with your app. The best way to do that depends on how you ship your app. Here, we assume that you can install the dynamic library for sqlite next to your application executable.

This example shows how to do that on Linux, by using a custom sqlite3.so that we assume lives next to your application:

import 'dart:ffi';
import 'dart:io';
import 'package:sqlite3/open.dart';

void main() {
  open.overrideFor(OperatingSystem.linux, _openOnLinux);

  // After setting all the overrides, you can use drift!
}

DynamicLibrary _openOnLinux() {
  final scriptDir = File(Platform.script.toFilePath()).parent;
  final libraryNextToScript = File('${scriptDir.path}/sqlite3.so');
  return DynamicLibrary.open(libraryNextToScript.path);
}
// _openOnWindows could be implemented similarly by opening `sqlite3.dll`

Be sure to use drift after you set the platform-specific overrides. When you use drift in another isolate, you'll also need to apply the opening overrides on that background isolate. You can call them in the isolate's entrypoint before using any drift apis.

For standard Flutter tests running in a Dart VM without native plugins, you can use a flutter_test_config.dart file to ensure that a recent version of sqlite3 is available. An example for this is available here. For Dart tests, a similar logic could be put into a setupAll callback.